Garden Dilemmas, Delights & Discoveries, Ask Mary Stone, New Jersey Garden blog

Mealybugs and Whiteflies

White specks on plant stems.

Hello fellow readers,

When I met with Suz of Sparta NJ to review a garden design, I saw her fiddlehead fig tree we spoke about last week standing tall in its new pot. She said it was rootbound, with very little soil, so repotting during the winter months was warranted (though not customarily suggested as it’s their time to rest). Suz asked about the mold on another house plant; I believe a Split Leaf Philodendron (Monstera deliciosa). “I’ve been wiping it off, but it keeps coming back,” she said.

Whitefly-or-Mealybug-closeup

Indeed the fuzzy white specks looked like mold.

Indeed the fuzzy white specks looked like mold. I surmised they could be eggs or nymphs of whiteflies and suggested Neem Oil. It’s my go-to in the garden, so it makes sense to use it inside. There’s horticultural oil or insecticidal soap too, but I vote for the old tried-and-true. Neem Oil is a natural alternative extracted from the Neem tree (Azadirachta indica) native to India. It’s antibacterial and antiseptic attributes discourage both fungi and parasites.

Mealybugs and whiteflies look similar. 

When I returned home and zoomed in on the photo of Suz’s Philodendron dilemma, it occurred to me it could be mealybugs. The good news is the remedy is similar.

Both mealybugs and whiteflies are white, though some mealybugs are cream-colored, even brownish. The fuzzy cottony-looking mealybugs don’t fly, whereas adult whiteflies do. Both suck sap, causing curling and yellowing leaves and are stealth in finding their way inside.

Both mealybugs and whiteflies are stealth.

I noticed a beautiful bouquet of lilies on the dining room table. Suz enjoys fresh flowers each week, she said. Both mealybugs and whiteflies are frequent greenhouse guests, so indeed, the cut flowers could be the culprit.

They can also hide in produce from the grocery or veggie garden. And houseplants that spend the summers outside can bring them in. Sometimes they come home with a new plant.

Separate the infected plant from others. If you can fit the plant in the shower or sink, rinse it off. I read you can use cotton swabs with rubbing alcohol to kill mealybugs, though I wonder the impact on the plant. For sure, use it on the nooks, crannies, and bottom of the pot where critters can hide.

Safe remedies of good riddance. 

Let the plant dry, then spray Neem Oil periodically until all the evidence of the invasion is gone. The whiteflies will fly when you spray them, but it will kill the eggs and nymphs. Be sure to spray the underside of leaves where they lay their eggs — sneaky little buggers.

Vacuuming up whiteflies is effective being careful around the foliage. Then hang sticky tape, the kind for house flies works fine.

If the darn things keep coming back, remove the top two inches of soil where they could be living. Clean the inside of the pot with rubbing alcohol then top-dress with fresh potting soil.

It takes time, weeks, even months, and several applications to get ahead of the stealth little buggers. Patience is a virtue. And, an achievement!

Garden Dilemmas? AskMaryStone@gmail.com (and now on your favorite Podcast App.)

Tip: You can make insecticidal soap using one teaspoon mild liquid soap (preferably organic) mixed with four cups of water. Add 1.5 teaspoons of Neem Oil to the mix is even better. Bonus—Neem Oil acts as a repellent for whiteflies!

More about Neem Oil in Finding Neem Oil

About Suz’s Fiddleheadfig Tree.

 

 

 

 

 

Mary Stone, owner of Stone Associates Landscape Design & Consulting. As a Landscape Designer, I am grateful for the joy of helping others beautify their surroundings which often leads to sharing encouragement and life experiences. These relationships inspired my weekly column published in THE PRESS, 'Garden Dilemmas? Ask Mary', began in 2012. I dream of growing the evolving community of readers into an interactive forum to share encouragement and support in Garden and Personal Recoveries - seeking nature’s inspirations, stimulating growth, weeding undesirables, embracing the unexpected. Thank you for visiting! Mary

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