Hello Fellow Readers,
What a weather pattern we’ve just endured. From snow turned to sleet, followed by zero degrees that turned trees into glass. Then temps rose to the mid-fifties as deluges of rain rolled in. The Jacksonburg Creek, on which we live, became a roaring river overflowing fifteen feet beyond the normal creek edge.
I’ve noticed with the months and months of excess rain that the pools of water on the woodland floor have not gone dry. Vernal pools, also called vernal ponds or ephemeral pools, are temporary pools of water in depressions that dry up seasonally, typically in the heat of the summer. They are important harbors of life and are classified as unique wetlands customarily devoid of fish, though in tropical areas certain fish have adapted to them. In these parts, vernal pools don’t shelter fish so our important amphibians and insects can readily reproduce, out of reach from predatory fish.
Sadly, Wetlands Laws don’t always protect vernal ponds because they are typically less than an acre in size. Builders often fill them in simply by obtaining a permit. But please don’t. According to the Conserve Wildlife Foundation of New Jersey, they offer “critical habitat for amphibians, reptiles, invertebrates, migratory waterfowl, raptors, and songbirds.” They go onto explain, “all eighteen of New Jersey’s frog species use vernal pools to breed and two endangered salamander species breed exclusively in vernal pools including the Eastern Tiger Salamander.” There’s no mistaking the first sign of spring hearing the delightful sounds of spring peepers calling for a mate.
To protect our vernal ponds, Penn State Extension Office advises to not use chemicals or fertilizers near them, be sure to maintain the canopy of trees above them, and keep the fallen debris intact as they harbor eggs. It’s likely obvious to keep off-road vehicles and machinery clear of vernal ponds too and not to interfere with the critters that reside there.
I’ve been concerned about the vernal pools that didn’t dry up last summer wondering if there is a risk the wildlife within them will not survive. According to The Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program, not all vernal pools dry out every year, though they all do periodically. There is comfort in knowing nature knows what she’s doing. Garden Dilemmas? AskMaryStone@gmail.com
Vernal Ponds: Seasonal Habitats for Wildlife; Vernal ponds are temporary wetlands that fill after the snowfall each spring. Published by Penn State Extension Office.
New Jersey’s Vernal Pools, by New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife
Vernal Pools, Published by Conserve Wildlife Foundation of New Jersey