Garden Dilemmas, Delights & Discoveries, Ask Mary Stone, New Jersey Garden blog

Swarming Common Grackles


Hello Fellow Readers,

While recording episode six of my new podcast series from the screened porch, an arresting sound came from thousands of swarming blackbirds that landed in our front yard. Squawking and feeding for a few minutes, then they took off in a synchronized wave – exploding like a helicopter- softer, of course, but considering the size of the birds, their sounds are significant and glorious. It goes to show there’s volume in numbers.


Our Swarming Blackbirds are likely Common Grackles

Swarming Blackbirds are likely Common Grackles

I reached out to my birder buddy Dennis, of Blairstown NJ, who said, “They’re most likely Common Grackles. They move through our area this time of the year, sometimes by the many thousands. They like to raid our cornfields too.”

Feeding off the fall remnants isn’t so bad. But Common Grackles are known for snagging newly planted corn and even sprouting seedlings causing multimillion dollars in damage to crops.


Common Grackles have an iridescent purple-bluish to a greenish sheen.

Characteristics of Common Grackles

In the sky, they look solid black, but with closer inspection, they have an iridescent purple-bluish to a greenish sheen. Common Grackles are about the size of Mourning Doves with long tails, yellow eyes, and black beaks. When they roost in the trees, they look like ornaments filling in the vacancy where our leaves once were.

 Quiscalus quiscula are social birds nesting in colonies of up to two hundred nests. They often migrate with other species of blackbirds though our visitors (who’ve come dozens of times) seem to be all grackles.

Swarming Grackles recall Hitchcock’s thriller The Birds

There’s a fascinating article on the University of Delaware’s website titled Blackbirds Fly. It talks about a mixed super flock of millions of blackbirds – common grackles, red-winged blackbirds, brown-headed cowbirds, and starlings- that choose Churchman’s Marsh, DE, as their winter home. Depending on the food source over winter, they’ll travel to Chester County and Lancaster, PA, to feed and then return to the marsh to roost.

The massive waves of birds recall Alfred Hitchcock’s classic thriller The Birds about millions of birds becoming violent killers of man and beast. Common crackles are not considered vicious, although as social as they are, they do defend their nests and attack other birds. I also read they’re inventive foragers, snagging worms from robins, stealing eggs from nests, and scoffing down smaller adult birds. They eat almost anything. During the breeding time, they feed on mostly insects and other invertebrates like worms and frogs. They also eat mice and small bats. Come migration and wintertime; they primarily eat seeds and grains from farm fields. They even eat trash.

Scientists attribute the formation of super flocks as protection against predators. By traveling in massive groups, they create “predator confusion,” much like fish that swim in schools. Indeed, there can be safety in numbers as long as everyone gets along.

Garden Dilemmas? (and your favorite Podcast App.)

This story is featured in Episode 7 of the Garden Dilemmas Podcast:

Other helpful links: Visit Cornell’s nifty site All About Birds to learn more about Common Grackles. You may also enjoy a long-ago column inspired by my birder buddy Dennis about feeding birds titled Winter is for the Birds.

Mary Stone, owner of Stone Associates Landscape Design & Consulting. As a Landscape Designer, I am grateful for the joy of helping others beautify their surroundings which often leads to sharing encouragement and life experiences. These relationships inspired my weekly column published in THE PRESS, 'Garden Dilemmas? Ask Mary', began in 2012. I dream of growing the evolving community of readers into an interactive forum to share encouragement and support in Garden and Personal Recoveries - seeking nature’s inspirations, stimulating growth, weeding undesirables, embracing the unexpected. Thank you for visiting! Mary

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