Garden Dilemmas, Delights & Discoveries, Ask Mary Stone, New Jersey Garden blog

Rhubarb Edible vs. Ornamental

Hello fellow readers,

One of the plants my colleague Marty and I touted in our recent talk at the Springfest Garden Show on Deer Resistant Plants was ornamental rhubarb. Artie stumped us when he asked for the botanical name. Rheum, pronounced ree’um, is the genus of rhubarb but what species is the ornamental kind? Good question and after researching further, I don’t have a definitive answer.

Rheum palmatum is commonly known as Chinese rhubarb (maybe also ornamental rhubarb?) and is not edible. Rheum rhabarbarum is considered the edible kind (also known as R. rhaponticum) and is commonly referred to as wild rhubarb in the U.S. and garden rhubarb elsewhere. You can see why common names for plants are confusing.

Rheum rhabarbarum’s leaf stalks are edible but the leaf blades contain oxalic acid which is toxic to both deer and humans. The leaves ‘impart cathartic and laxative properties,’ according to Wikipedia. In ‘Mary words’ the leaves trigger an overdose of Ex-Lax effect.

Rheum palmatum var tanguticum

Edible rhubarb can be attractive in a garden but it’s the ornamental, not-edible kind that makes a dramatic almost prehistoric-looking focal point in your garden. One of the favored and most colorful is Rheum palmatum var. tanguticum. Growing almost 6-feet high and 3-feet wide; their huge pointy edged leaves unfurl bronzy-red then turn green on top and dark burgundy underneath. They bloom funky spikes of reddish pink flowers on tall maroon stalks in summer. Come fall the leaves shift to red for a dramatic ending until next year. Just as the edible kind, ornamental rhubarb are perennial returning every year. Rheum ‘Ace of Hearts’ is a popular smaller ornamental rhubarb, about 3-feet tall and wide.

Rhubarb is generally purchased as crowns or divisions and are best planted in early spring when still dormant. They can be tough to find locally but are available mail-order or online. They thrive in humus-rich, moist soil and like partial shade to full sun; but appreciate if their roots are kept cool with mulch as they detest extreme heat.

CAUTION: Ornamental rhubarb is harmful if eaten! And that goes for you too deer. Though some deer seem to ignore the warning label for time to time. Maybe they’re using it for medicinal purposes to promote regularity? Jeez…

Garden Dilemmas? askmarystone@gmail.com

 

Mary Stone, owner of Stone Associates Landscape Design & Consulting. As a Landscape Designer, I am grateful for the joy of helping others beautify their surroundings which often leads to sharing encouragement and life experiences. These relationships inspired my weekly column published in THE PRESS, 'Garden Dilemmas? Ask Mary', began in 2012. I dream of growing the evolving community of readers into an interactive forum to share encouragement and support in Garden and Personal Recoveries - seeking nature’s inspirations, stimulating growth, weeding undesirables, embracing the unexpected. Thank you for visiting! Mary

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